The Effect of Local Government’s Elderly Social Assistance on Health Spending of Poor Elderly in Indonesia


  • Niar Afdhal Lythfi Luthfi Economic planning and development policy, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia. Salemba, Jakarta
  • Muhammad Hanri Head of Labor and Social Protection Studies, Institute for Economic and Social Research, University of Indonesia (LPEM UI)



Elderly Poverty; Health literacy; Curative; Out-of-pocket (OOP); Local Government's Elderly Social Assistance Program; Elderly Social Protection; Propensity Score Matching-Nearest-Neighbors (PSM-NN); preventive; Curative.


This research examines the effect of the local government's elderly social assistance program on out-of-pocket (OOP) health spending for the poor elderly group in Indonesia. The data used is March 2020 Susenas data using counterfactual analysis. Because the requirement to be able to carry out a counterfactual analysis is that the subjects of the study must have the same/balanced characteristics, the data used is limited to the elderly in the bottom 40 percent of the economic group. Moreover, the randomization technique is also carried out using the Propensity Score Matching-Nearest-Neighbors (PSM-NN) method, namely constructing data with similar characteristics into two groups: the group that received treatment and the group that did not receive treatment. The results of this study indicate that the poor elderly group who receive elderly social assistance from the local government has a higher OOP health spending of 28.3 percent compared to the poor elderly group who do not receive assistance. The high spending on OOP was mainly due to increased spending on curative.


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2023-08-31 — Updated on 2023-09-01


How to Cite

Luthfi, N. A. L., & Hanri, M. (2023). The Effect of Local Government’s Elderly Social Assistance on Health Spending of Poor Elderly in Indonesia. Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning, 7(2), 299–312. (Original work published August 31, 2023)