Main Article Content


This paper assesses the performance of method targeting and implementation error of social transfer programs in Indonesia, which consists of Raskin, in-kind transfer; Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH), a conditional cash transfer; Program Indonesia Pintar (PIP), scholarship program; and Program Indonesia Sehat (PIS), free health insurance for the poor and vulnerable. The logit model of exclusion and inclusion errors shows the drivers of probability error in targeting these four kinds of social transfer programs. The finding shows error in the implementation that relies heavily on urban-rural differences and legal identity ownership rather than the role of government employees. Measuring the performance of miss-targeting is needed to improve the effectiveness of social transfer programs on achieving their goals. The analysis of targeting performance suggests caution in employing a mechanism of the delivery program to improve the implementation of the targeting program to promote more social safety net rather than in-kind transfer and cash transfer as well as to re-evaluate the identification requirement for receiving social benefits to reach the beneficiaries from the extreme poor


targeting social transfer programs vulnerable poor urban-rural differences legal identity the role of a government employee social safety net cash transfer in-kind transfer

Article Details

Author Biographies

Annissa Sri Kusumawati, Ministry of National Development Planning

  • Annisa Sri Kusumawati is a Planner Staff at the Directorate for Poverty Alleviation and Social Welfare, Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas RI
  • A Postgraduate Student Linkage Program at Administration Public, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia; and Economics, Planning and Public Policy Program at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), Japan.

Toshihiro Kudo, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) - Japan

Toshihiro Kudo is a lecturer at Economics, Planning and Public Policy Program; National Graduate Institute for
Policy Studies (GRIPS) - Japan

How to Cite
Kusumawati, A. S., & Toshihiro Kudo. (2019). The Effectiveness of Targeting Social Transfer Programs in Indonesia. The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning, 3(3), 282-297.