Hibernation of the Village Law in Large-Scale Palm Oil Plantations: A Case Study of Oil Palm Expansion in Sintang District, West Kalimantan


  • Kharis Fadlan Borni Kurniawan The Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
  • Arya Hadi Dharmawan The Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
  • Titik Sumarti The Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia; The Department of Agro-Industrial Technology, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
  • Mochammad Maksum The Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia; The Department of Agro-Industrial Technology, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia




village law, indigenous people, land acquisition, partnership


This paper seeks to present the results of testing the implementation of the Village Law in villages covered by large-scale oil palm plantations. The socio-economic and political dynamics of villages with oil palm are in stark contrast to villages that are relatively free from the circle of the plantation capitalist system. This research examines it by focusing on the study of customary land acquisition practices and partnerships between smallholders and oil palm plantation companies in the Sintang District. Qualitative research using a case study approach which is the basis for writing this paper found that the Village Law, which many people hoped would free villages from the threats of the industrialization of forests and oil palm plantations, in fact, could not do much or, in the author's language, the Village Law was in hibernation.


Download data is not yet available.


Ansong, A. (2020). SDG 8 and Elimination of Child Labour in The Cocoa Industry in Ghana: Can WTO Law and Private Sector Responsible Business Initiatives Help?. Forum For Development Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/08039410.2020.1786453.

Antlov, H. (2003). Village Government and Rural Development in Indonesia: The New Democratic Framework. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2003: 193-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00074910302013.

Antlov, H., Wettergberg, A., & Dharmawan, L. (2016). Village Governance, Community Life, and the 2014 Village Law in Indonesia. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00074918.2015.1129047.

Astuti, W. & Prasetyo, D.A. (2014). Model of Community-based Housing Development (CBHD) of Bedah Kampung Program in Surakarta Indonesia. Procedia Environmental Sciences 20 ( 2014 ) 593 – 601. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.072.

Austin, K.G., Mosnier, A., Pirker, J., McCallum, I., Fritz, S., & Kasibhatla, P.S. (2017). Shifting patterns of oil palm driven deforestation in Indonesia and implications for zero-deforestation commitments. Land Use Policy 69 (2017) 41-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.08.036.

Baudoin, A., Bosc, P-M., Bessou, C., & Levang, P. (2017). Center for International Forestry Research. http://www.jstor.com/stable/resrep16293.4.

Cramb, R. & McCarthy, J.F. Eds. (2016). The Oil Palm Complex, Smallholders, Agribusiness and the State in Indonesia and Malaysia. Singapore: NUS Press.

Cramb, R., Manivong, V., Newby, J.C., Sothorn, K & Sibat, P.S. (2016). Alternatives to land grabbing: exploring conditions for smallholder inclusion in agricultural commodity chains in Southeast Asia. The Journal of Peasant Studies. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2016.1242482.

Dauster, P. (2006). The Green Revolution in A Village of West Sumatra. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies. 18:1, 86-95, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00074918212331334120.

de Vos, R. Counter-Mapping against oil palm plantations: reclaiming cillage territory in Indonesia with 2014 Village Law. Critical Asian Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/14672715.2018.1522595.

Edmundson, W.C. & Edmundson, S.A. (2006). A Decade of Village Development in East Java. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies. 19:2, 46-59, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00074918312331334379.

Eko, S., 2015. Regulasi Baru, Desa Baru, Ide, Misi, dan Semangat UU Desa. Jakarta: Kementerian Desa Pembangunan Daerah Tertinggal dan Transmigrasi.

Escobar, A. (2012). Encountering Development: the Making and Unmaking of the Third World. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. https://hdl.handle.net/2027/heb31025.0001.001.

Eskelinen, T. (2021). Interpreting the Sustainable Development Goals through the Perspectives of Utopia and Governance. Forum for Development Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/08039410.2020.1867889.

Etuah, S., Yankyera, K.O., Aidoo, R., Haleegoah, J., Wiggins, S., & Henley, G. (2020). Impact of oil palm-related activities on women’s empowerment in Ghana. World Development Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wdp.2020.100225.

Germer, J. & Sauerborn, J. (2008). Estimation of the impact of oil palm plantation establishment on greenhouse gas balance. Environ Dev Sustain (2008) 10:697–716. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-006-9080-1.

Haar, B.T., 1941. Beginselen En Stelsel Van Het Adatrecht. Kg. Ng. Soebakti Poesponoto. 2017. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Hadiz, V.R. (2022). Lokalisasi Kekuasaan di Indonesia Pascaotoritarianisme. Jakarta: KPG.

Iskandar, A.H., Suja’i, A.F. & Agusta, I. (2023). Redesigning Concolidated Data for Handling Extreme in Rural Areas Based on SDGs Desa. Journal of Community Positive Practices, XXIII(1) 2023, 96-115. https://doi.org/10.35782/JCPP.2023.1.08.

Krishna, V.V., & Kubitza, C. (2021). Impact of oil palm expansion on the provision of private and community goods in rural Indonesia. Ecological Economics 179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106829.

Kumar, K., & Kerr, JM, (2013). Territorialization and marginalization in the forested landscape of Orissa, India. Land Use Policy 30 (2013) 885-894. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.06.015.

Kurniawan, K.F.B., Dharmawan, A.H., Sumarti, T., & Maksum, M. (2023). Social Relation of Production and Conflict of Economic Interests in Smallholder Oil Palm Plantations: A Case Study of Sintang District, West Kalimantan. Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 11 (01) 2023 | 13-26. https://doi.org/10.22500/11202342944.

Larson, A. & Ribot, J. (2004). Democratic Decentralization Through a Natural Resource Lens. European Journal of Development Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09578810410001688707.

Levang, P., Riva W.F., & Orth M.G. (2016). “Oil Palm Plantations and Conflict in Indonesia: Evidence from West Kalimantan” dalam Cramb, Rob dan John F. MacCarthy. 2016. The Oil Palm Complex Smallholder, Agribusiness and the state in Indonesia and Malaysia (283-300). Singapore: NUS PRESS.

Mizuno, K., Fujita, M.S., & Kawai, S., 2016. Catastrophe & Regeneration in Indonesia’s Peatlands: Ecology, Economy & Society. Singapore: NUS Press.

Morgan, M. (2017). Women, gender and protest: contesting oil palm plantation expansion in Indonesia. The Journal of Peasant Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2017.1300579.

Moulin, M., Wohlfahrt, J., Caliman, J-P., & Bessou, C. (2016). Deciphering agricultural practices and environmental impacts in palm oil plantations in Riau and Jambi provinces, Indonesia. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13504509.2016.1239232.

Muqowam, A., 2019. Membangun atau Merusak Desa. Jakarta: DPD RI.

Orsato, R.J., Clegg, S.R., & Falcao, H. (2013). The Political Ecology of Palm Oil Production. Journal of Change Management, 2013 Vol. 13, No. 4, 444–459, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14697017.2013.851916.

Raharja, M.M., 2021. Pokok-Pokok Pemerintahan Desa Teori, Regulasi, dan Implementasi. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Ribot, J.C. (2003). Democratic Decentralization of Natural Resources: Intitutional Choice and Discretionary Power Transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa. Public Administration and Development. Vol. 23, No. 1 Januari 2003.

Santika, T., Wilson K.A., Budiharta S., Law E., Poh T.M., Acrenaz M., Struebig M., Meijaard A. (2019). Does oil palm agriculture help alleviate poverty? A multidimensional counterfactual assessment of oil palm development in Indonesia. World Development. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.04.012.

Sayer, J., Ghazoul, J., Nelson, P., & Boedhihartono, A.K. (2012). Oil palm expansion transforms tropical landscapes and livelihoods. Global Food Security 1 (2012) 114-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2012.10.003.

Setiadi, E.M. & Kolip, U. (2011). Pengantar Sosiologi, Pemahaman Fakta dan Gejala Permasalahan Sosial: Teori, Aplikasi dan Pemecahannya.

Shohibuddin, M., Cahyono, E., & Bahri, A.D. (2017). Undang-Undang Desa dan Isu Sumberdaya Alam: Peluang Akses atau Ancaman Eksklusi?. Jurnal Wacana Transformasi Sosial, 36: 29-81. Yogyakarta: INSISTPress.

Vandergeest, P., (1996). Real Villages: National Narratives of Rural Development. Toronto: Temple University Press. https://dx.doi.org/10.13140/2.1.1814.5602.

Vedeld, T. (2011). Democratic Decentralisation and Poverty Reduction: Exploring the Linkages. Forum for Development Studies, 30:2, 159-203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039410.2003.9666243.

Vel, J., Zakaria, Y., & Bedner, A. (2017). Law-Making as Strategy for Change: Indonesia’s New Village Law. Asian Journal of Law and Society, page 1 of 25. https://doi.org/10.1017/als.2017.21.

Watts, J.D., Tacconi, L., Irawan, S., & Wijaya, A.H. (2019). Village transfers for the environment: Lessons from community-based development programs and the village fund. Forest Policy and Economics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2019.01.008.

White, J. with B. (2012). Gendered experiences of dispossession: oil palm expansion in a Dayak Hibun community in West Kalimantan. The Journal of Peasant Studies Vol. 39, Nos. 3–4, July–October 2012, 995–1016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2012.676544.

Widjaja, H.A.W. (2012). Otonomi Desa Merupakan Otonomi yang Asli Bulat dan Utuh. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Wulansari, I. (2017). Industrialisasi minyak sawit di Indonesia: Resistensi warga Dusun Tanjung Pusaka, Kalimantan Tengah terhadap Industri Sawit. Jurnal Sodality. https://doi.org/10.22500/sodality.v5i1.16267.

Yuliani, E.L., de Groot, W.T., Knippenberg, L., & Bakara, D.O. (2020). Forest or oil palm plantation? Interpretation of local responses to the oil palm promises in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Land Use Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104616.

Zakaria, R.Y. (2000). Abih Tandeh Masyarakat Desa di Bawah Rejim Orde Baru. Jakarta: ELSAM.



2023-08-31 — Updated on 2023-09-01


How to Cite

Borni Kurniawan, K. F., Dharmawan , A. H., Sumarti, T., & Maksum, M. (2023). Hibernation of the Village Law in Large-Scale Palm Oil Plantations: A Case Study of Oil Palm Expansion in Sintang District, West Kalimantan. Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning, 7(2), 250–271. https://doi.org/10.36574/jpp.v7i2.505 (Original work published August 31, 2023)